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The key challenges, successes and failures of global biological control, and future directions.
This book provides an updated description of the most relevant types of highly nonlinear fibers. It also describes some of their actual applications for nonlinear optical signal processing. Multiple types of highly nonlinear fibers are considered, such as silica-based conventional highly nonlinear fibers, tapered fibers, photonic crystal fibers, and fibers made of highly nonlinear materials, namely lead-silicate, tellurite, bismuth oxide, and chalcogenide glasses. Several nonlinear phenomena occurring on such highly nonlinear fibers are described and used to realize different functions in the area of all-optical signal processing.i Describes several nonlinear phenomena occurring on optical fibers, namely nonlinear phase modulation, parametric and stimulated scattering processes, optical solitons, and supercontinuum generation.i Discusses different types of highly nonlinear fibers, namely silica-based conventional highly nonlinear fibers, tapered fibers, and photonic crystal fibers.i Examines fibers made of highly nonlinear materials, namely lead-silicate, tellurite, bismuth oxide, and chalcogenide glasses.i Describes the application of several nonlinear phenomena occurring on highly nonlinear fibers to realize different functions in the area of all-optical signal processing, namely optical amplification, multiwavelength sources, pulse generation, optical regeneration, wavelength conversion, and optical switching.Mrio F. S. Ferreira received his PhD degree in 1992 in physics from the University of Aveiro, Portugal, where he is now a professor in the Physics Department. Between 1990 and 1991, he was at the University of Essex, UK, performing experimental work on external cavity semiconductor lasers and nonlinear optical fiber amplifiers. His research interests have been concerned with the modeling and characterization of multisection semiconductor lasers, quantum well lasers, optical fiber amplifiers and lasers, soliton propagation, nanophotonics, optical sensors, polarization, and nonlinear effects in optical fibers. He has written more than 400 scientific journal and conference publications and several books in the area of mathematical physics, optics, and photonics. He has served as chair and committee member of multiple international conferences, as well as guest editor and advisory board member of several international journals.
This book is an introduction to cancer treatment, the basics of radio- and chemotherapy, drug actions, the eradication of cancer cells, and the origins and persistence of pharmacological and toxicological effects of drugs. It further provides ideas for research based on knowledge of cancer metastasis, invasive and molecular pathways, and diagnosis and treatment. Many of the adaptive features of cancer biology, clinical features, pathology and treatment are reviewed. In addition to introducing the major themes and theories, the book also advances the current discussion by moving beyond explanations for clinical implementation. Key Selling Features:Reviews basic cancer treatmentsSummarizes chemotherapiesDiscusses radiotherapiesExamines pharmacological and toxicological approaches to treatment Introduces oncological drug development
This book is about infrastructure asset management, which can be expressed as the combination of management, financial, economic, and engineering, applied to physical assets with the objective of providing the required level of service in the most cost-effective manner. It includes management of the whole lifecycle of a physical asset from design, construction, commission, operation, maintenance, modification, decommissioning, and disposal. It covers budget issues and focuses on asset management of an infrastructure for energy-i.e., the electric power system.
This new edition of a well-established textbook covers the environmental and engineering aspects of the management of rainwater and wastewater in areas of human development. Urban Drainage deals comprehensively not only with the design of new systems, but also the analysis and upgrading of existing infrastructure. Keeping its balance of principles, practice and research, this new edition has significant new material on modelling, resilience, smart systems, and the global and local context. The two new authors bring further research and practice-based experience.This is an essential text for undergraduate and graduate students, lecturers and researchers in water engineering, environmental engineering, public health engineering, engineering hydrology, and related non-engineering disciplines. It also serves as a dependable reference for drainage engineers in water service providers, local authorities, and for consulting engineers. Extensive examples are used to support and demonstrate the key issues throughout the text.
The Handbook of Ordinary Differential Equations: Exact Solutions, Methods, and Problems, is an exceptional and complete reference for scientists and engineers as it contains over 7,000 ordinary differential equations with solutions. This book contains more equations and methods used in the field than any other book currently available.Included in the handbook are exact, asymptotic, approximate analytical, numerical symbolic and qualitative methods that are used for solving and analyzing linear and nonlinear equations. The authors also present formulas for effective construction of solutions and many different equations arising in various applications like heat transfer, elasticity, hydrodynamics and more. This extensive handbook is the perfect resource for engineers and scientists searching for an exhaustive reservoir of information on ordinary differential equations.
"e;A First Course in Machine Learning by Simon Rogers and Mark Girolami is the best introductory book for ML currently available. It combines rigor and precision with accessibility, starts from a detailed explanation of the basic foundations of Bayesian analysis in the simplest of settings, and goes all the way to the frontiers of the subject such as infinite mixture models, GPs, and MCMC."e;-Devdatt Dubhashi, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University, Sweden"e;This textbook manages to be easier to read than other comparable books in the subject while retaining all the rigorous treatment needed. The new chapters put it at the forefront of the field by covering topics that have become mainstream in machine learning over the last decade."e;-Daniel Barbara, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA"e;The new edition of A First Course in Machine Learning by Rogers and Girolami is an excellent introduction to the use of statistical methods in machine learning. The book introduces concepts such as mathematical modeling, inference, and prediction, providing 'just in time' the essential background on linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory that the reader needs to understand these concepts."e;-Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Aalborg University Esbjerg, Denmark"e;I was impressed by how closely the material aligns with the needs of an introductory course on machine learning, which is its greatest strengthOverall, this is a pragmatic and helpful book, which is well-aligned to the needs of an introductory course and one that I will be looking at for my own students in coming months."e;-David Clifton, University of Oxford, UK"e;The first edition of this book was already an excellent introductory text on machine learning for an advanced undergraduate or taught masters level course, or indeed for anybody who wants to learn about an interesting and important field of computer science. The additional chapters of advanced material on Gaussian process, MCMC and mixture modeling provide an ideal basis for practical projects, without disturbing the very clear and readable exposition of the basics contained in the first part of the book."e;a -Gavin Cawley, Senior Lecturer, School of Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK"e;This book could be used for junior/senior undergraduate students or first-year graduate students, as well as individuals who want to explore the field of machine learningThe book introduces not only the concepts but the underlying ideas on algorithm implementation from a critical thinking perspective."e;-Guangzhi Qu, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA
Introduction to Polymer Chemistry provides undergraduate students with a much-needed, well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of natural, synthetic, inorganic, and organic polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this fourth edition continues to provide detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Building on undergraduate work in foundational courses, the text fulfills the American Chemical Society Committee on Professional Training (ACS CPT) in-depth course requirement
Dissertation Research and Writing for Built Environment Students is a step-by-step guide to get students through their final year research project. Trusted and developed over three previous editions, the new fourth edition shows you how to select a dissertation topic, write a proposal, conduct a literature review, select the research approach, gather the data, analyse and present the information and ultimately produce a well-written dissertation. The book simplifies dissertation research and writing into a process involving a sequence of learnable activities and divides the process into three parts.Part One covers the necessary groundwork, including: identifying the problem, writing a proposal and reviewing the literature.Part Two covers the research design and includes: approaches and techniques for data collection and constructing and sampling a questionnaire.Part Three covers: measurement of data, analysis of data with SPSS, structuring and writing the whole dissertation, and supervision and assessment.This new edition is packed with updated examples and research samples, making this the ideal resource for students involved in research in built environment subjects such as construction management, construction project management, facilities management, real estate, building surveying, quantity surveying and civil engineering.
Food Packaging: Innovations and Shelf-life covers recently investigated developments in food packaging and their influence in food quality preservation, shelf-life extension, and simulation techniques. Additionally, the book discusses the environmental impact and sustainable solutions of food packaging. This book is divided into seven chapters, written by worldwide experts. The book is an ideal reference source for university students, food engineers and researchers from R&D laboratories working in the area of food science and technology. Professionals from institutions related to food packaging.
Independent, practical guidance on the structural design of polymer composites is provided for the first time in this book. Structural designers familiar with design of conventional structural materials such as steel and concrete will be able to use it to design a broad range of polymeric composites for structural applications, using glass fibre re
The best up to date textbook for EAL's Level 1 Diploma in Electrical Installation (601/0409/0)Fully up to date with the 3rd Amendment of the 17th Edition IET Wiring Regulations Expert advice ensured to cover what learners need to know in order to pass their exams or complete their assignments Extensive online material to help both learners and lecturersWritten specifically for the EAL Diploma in Electrical Installation, this book has a chapter dedicated to each unit of the syllabus. Every learning outcome from the syllabus is covered in highlighted sections, and there is a checklist at the end of each chapter to ensure that each objective has been achieved before moving on to the next section. End of chapter revision questions will help you to check your understanding and consolidate the key concepts learned in each chapter. Fully up to date with the third amendment of the 17th Edition Wiring Regulations, this book is a must have for any learner working towards EAL electrical installations qualifications, also providing an insight to those who are considering a career in the electrical installation or construction industry.Peter Roberts is an ex RAF Chief Technician and is currently an electrical installation lecturer, as well as an EAL question writer, based in Coleg Menai, Bangor, North Wales.
Written by the leading authority in the field of solid-state phase transformations, Theory of Transformations in Steels is the first book to provide readers with a complete discussion of the theory of transformations in steel. Offers comprehensive treatment of solid-state transformations, covering the vast number in steelsServes as a single source for almost any aspect of the subject Features discussion of physical properties, thermodynamics, diffusion, and kineticsCovers ferrites, martensite, cementite, carbides, nitrides, substitutionally-alloyed precipitates, and pearlite Contains a thoroughly researched and comprehensive list of references as further and recommended reading With its broad and deep coverage of the subject, this work aims at inspiring research within the field of materials science and metallurgy.
The bioscience of immunology has given us a better understanding of human health and disease. Artificial intelligence (AI) has elevated that understanding and its applications in immunology to new levels. Together, AI for immunology is an advancing horizon in health care, disease diagnosis, and prevention. From the simple cold to the most advanced autoimmune disorders and now pandemics, AI for immunology is unlocking the causes and cures.Key features:A highly accessible and wide-ranging short introduction to AI for immunologyIncludes a chapter on COVID-19 and pandemicsIncludes scientific and clinical considerations, as well as immune and autoimmune diseases
The questions used in this book have been developed and continuously updated over 15 years. 'MCQs in Paediatrics' includes questions and detailed answers submitted by paediatricians in all specialties, and covers the widest range of clinical skills and paediatric knowledge.The questions have been used in both undergraduate and postgraduate examinations at the DCH and MRCP level. All questions have been reviewed and refined following the analysis of examination results, and are designed to test the application of knowledge rather than just the facts. The answers are accompanied by detailed explanations which allow the book to be used both for self-assessment and as a guide for further study.
Fully updated with the latest developments in the eigenvalue Monte Carlo calculations and automatic variance reduction techniques and containing an entirely new chapter on fission matrix and alternative hybrid techniques. This second edition explores the uses of the Monte Carlo method for real-world applications, explaining its concepts and limitations. Featuring illustrative examples, mathematical derivations, computer algorithms, and homework problems, it is an ideal textbook and practical guide for nuclear engineers and scientists looking into the applications of the Monte Carlo method, in addition to students in physics and engineering, and those engaged in the advancement of the Monte Carlo methods.Describes general and particle-transport-specific automated variance reduction techniquesPresents Monte Carlo particle transport eigenvalue issues and methodologies to address these issuesPresents detailed derivation of existing and advanced formulations and algorithms with real-world examples from the author's research activities
This adjudication textbook uniquely brings together a comprehensive analysis of, and commentary on, the Construction Contracts Act 2013 with a real-world perspective of adjudication, considering the knowledge, process and skills parties and adjudicators require in order to successfully participate in the adjudication process. Drawing on combined experience of 40 years in construction law, the authors provide invaluable guidance for all stakeholders in the adjudication process. The authors analyse and comment on the adjudication provisions of the Construction Contracts Act and describe prudent practice and procedure required to comply with Irish adjudication law, including case studies, case law and sample documentation for those to be involved as the parties, or those who want to act as adjudicators. Aimed at contractors, sub-contractors, developers, employers, construction, engineering and legal professionals and students, all of whom are either involved, or have an interest, in dispute resolution and adjudication.
Healing Plants of Nigeria: Ethnomedicine and Therapeutic Applications offers comprehensive information on the use of herbal medicines in West Africa. Combining an evidence-based, ethnobotanical perspective with a pharmacological and pharmaceutical approach to phytomedicine, the book bridges the gap between the study of herbal plants' pharmacological properties and active compounds for the development of clinical drugs and community-oriented approaches, emphasising local use. It demonstrates how the framework of African traditional medicine can be preserved in a contemporary clinical context. The book outlines the history and beliefs surrounding the traditional use of herbs by the local population alongside their application in contemporary phytotherapy in Nigeria and West Africa. It features a critical assessment of the scientific rationale behind the use of these plants in ethnomedicine and offers a composite catalogue of phytotherapeutic and wellness agents, detailing the safety profile, efficacy, and scientific integrity of plants used to treat diseases and optimise health. Features:An ethnobotanical survey containing over 200 full-colour photographs of Nigerian and West African plants.A unique combination of ethnobotany and pharmacognosy, bridging the divide between pharmaceutical and community-oriented approaches to herbal medicine research. Contextual discussion of the therapeutic potential of Nigerian herbal medicine.Offers a template which can be used to separate the superstitious aspects of ethnomedicine from culturally inherited deposits of knowledge.A handbook for herbal and natural medicine practitioners, the book is aimed at African thinkers, scientists, healthcare providers and students of pharmacology and ethnomedicine.
A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "e;microbiota"e; or "e;microbiome,"e; with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa.It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian-microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community's composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state.The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.
Summary:This book provides valuable, effective guidance for understanding, interpreting and implementing ISO 13485:2016 standard requirements. Despite its more than 800-page length, the author has specifically designed its contents to maximize usability for the reader with a table of contents identical to that of the ISO standard itself, which enables easy navigation and orientation.Pragmatic in style and down to earth in tone, this book draws real-life examples and case-studies from the author's many years of experience in consulting to illustrate even the most complex of ISO 13485:2016 standard requirements and their implementation. Identifying relevant requirements and how they harmonize with quality management systems, developing processes for design and development, as well as product realization and validation are just a few of the issues covered in-depth by this publication.In addition, the author constantly reviews the distinctive characteristics and aspects of the medical device manufacturing industry, so that the reader can also appreciate the subject of this book in an everyday context.Features:A pragmatic and down to earth approach towards the reader's understanding of ISO 13485:2016 standard requirements implementation.Uses examples and cases from real-life based on the author's many years of experience in quality management. A table of contents structured identically to that of ISO 13485:2016 itself, allowing easier navigation and orientation for the reader.Emphasises guidance for ISO 13495:2016 standard requirements which are difficult to interpret and implementConstantly reviews the aspect of medical device industry characteristics and distinctive so the reader can reflect the content with its daily work. a a
This book is a concise informative elucidation of all aspects of reproduction and development in annelids covering from arenicola to tubifex. Annelids flourish between 4,900 m depth to 2,000 m altitude; some of them occur in unusual habitats like hydrothermal vents and subterranean aquatic system (stigobionts). A few have no gut and acquire adequate nutrients through osmotrophism and/or engaging symbiotic microbes. In the absence of exoskeleton to escape predation, the 17,000 speciose annelids have explored bewildering modes of reproduction; not surprisingly, 42-47% of them are brooders. With 13,000 species, polychaetes are gonochores but some 207 species of them are hermaphrodites. Clitellates are all hermaphrodites; of them, 76 species are parthenogens, of which 56 are earthworms.Regenerative potency of annelids ranges from an organ to an entire worm from a single 'seminal' segment. The head, tail and both together can be regenerated 21, 42 and 20 times, respectively. However, the potency is limited to ~1% of polychaetes and < 2% of oligochaetes. In oligochaetes, the chloragogue temporally separates regeneration and reproduction but sedentary polychaetes undertake them together at the reduced reproductive output. Only 79 polychaete and 111 oligochaete species have the potency for clonal reproduction. Within families, the potency ranges from 2% in spionids to 54% in naidids. Epitoky, a spectacular and unique phenomenon, involves the transformation from benthic to meroplanktonic reproductive morphism. It occurs in 106 errant polychaete species. The larger glycerides, nereidids and eunicids use muscular energy to climb < 50 m vertical distance. But the small phyllodocids and cteniodrilids may reduce buoyancy to climb 1,000-4,000 m vertical distance.Heterogamatic sex determination is reported to occur only in six polychaete species, although karyotype is known for 83 annelid species. In temperate polychaetes, a dozen neuroendocrines, arising mostly from the 'brain' regulates reproductive cycle. A complete chapter devoted to vermiculture, (i) recognizes the fast-growing candidate species, (ii) distinguishes 'layers' from 'brooders', (iii) indicates that the harvest of oligochaetes may reduce the input of nitrogenous fertilizer in the ricefield, and (iv) explores the scope for increasing wealth from waste.
When faced with a 'human error' problem, you may be tempted to ask 'Why didn't these people watch out better?' Or, 'How can I get my people more engaged in safety?' You might think you can solve your safety problems by telling your people to be more careful, by reprimanding the miscreants, by issuing a new rule or procedure and demanding compliance. These are all expressions of 'The Bad Apple Theory' where you believe your system is basically safe if it were not for those few unreliable people in it. Building on its successful predecessors, the third edition of The Field Guide to Understanding 'Human Error' will help you understand a new way of dealing with a perceived 'human error' problem in your organization. It will help you trace how your organization juggles inherent trade-offs between safety and other pressures and expectations, suggesting that you are not the custodian of an already safe system. It will encourage you to start looking more closely at the performance that others may still call 'human error', allowing you to discover how your people create safety through practice, at all levels of your organization, mostly successfully, under the pressure of resource constraints and multiple conflicting goals. The Field Guide to Understanding 'Human Error' will help you understand how to move beyond 'human error'; how to understand accidents; how to do better investigations; how to understand and improve your safety work. You will be invited to think creatively and differently about the safety issues you and your organization face. In each, you will find possibilities for a new language, for different concepts, and for new leverage points to influence your own thinking and practice, as well as that of your colleagues and organization. If you are faced with a 'human error' problem, abandon the fallacy of a quick fix. Read this book.
This book provides students, practitioners, residents, and surgeons with an easily accessible and visual guide to successful methods of repairing more common fractures of dogs and cats. The concept allows clinicians to easily compare a fracture of a patient presented to them to the book and see what successful repairs were performed. There is also dialogue on the treatment options and special considerations. Importantly, follow-up radiographs provide insight into what type and rate of healing is to be expected.
The 6th edition of this extremely popular and classic textbook has been updated to reflect ongoing changes in the field of property development. Attention is paid to the impact of the global financial crisis on the property development process and, in addition, to the increasing relevance of technology to the property profession.Whilst the successful style and format of the text has been retained, new chapters have been added and existing chapters updated and enhanced to guide lecturers and students in their teaching, reading and studying. Other new features in this edition include: Fully updated discussion points and reflective summariesExamples of contemporary best practice based on international case studies covering the UK, USA and AustraliaNew chapters on 'Property Cycles' and 'Technology'Online materials for lecturers and studentsThis fully revised edition of a standard text for all property development and real estate students will also be of interest to early career professionals and those pursuing similar professional degrees in the industry and in wider built environment courses.
This ninth edition of David Chappell's bestselling guide has been revised to take into account changes made in 2011 to payment provisions, and elsewhere. This remains the most concise guide available to the most commonly used JCT building contracts: Standard Building Contract with quantities, 2011 (SBC11), Intermediate Building Contract 2011 (IC11), Intermediate Building Contract with contractor's design 2011 (ICD11), Minor Works Building Contract 2011 (MW11), Minor Works Building Contract with contractor's design 2011 (MWD11) and Design and Build Contract 2011 (DB11).Chappell avoids legal jargon but writes with authority and precision. Architects, quantity surveyors, contractors and students of these professions will find this a practical and affordable reference tool arranged by topic.
Face It presents practical hands-on techniques, 3D modeling and sculpting tools with Maya and ZBrush production pipelines, uniquely focused on the facial modeling of 7 ethnicity models, featuring over 100 different models ranging in age from newborn to elderly characters. Face It is a resource for academic and professionals alike. Explore the modeling possibilities beyond the digital reference galleries online. No more having to adapt medical anatomy texts to your own models! Explore the finite details of facial anatomy with focus on skull development, muscle structure, ears, eyes, nose and mouth paired with side by side comparisons of reference photos, anatomical construction and chapter focused 3D tutorials.
This leading textbook in the field examines the mechanisms underlying toxicity, particularly the events at the molecular level and the factors that determine and affect toxicity. The new edition is updated to reflect the latest research into the biochemical basis of toxicology and the growing concerns over the adverse effects of drugs, environmenta
Co-published by the European Medical Imaging Technology e-Encyclopaedia for Lifelong Learning (EMITEL) consortium and supported by the International Organization for Medical Physics (IOMP), Encyclopaedia of Medical Physics contains nearly 2,800 cross-referenced entries relating to medical physics and associated technologies. Split into two convenie
Although the United States (U.S.) and the more developed nations of the remainder of the world are blessed with a variety of pharmaceuticals, feed additives, and biological products to treat, prevent, and control animal diseases, there is a healthy desire among persons involved in animal health issues to increase our animal medicine chest. The interest stems from the desire to efficiently produce food that is safe and plentiful and from the desire to have more and better government-approved products available for the prevention and treatment of diseases of dogs, cats, and horses and for an increasing variety of minor animal species. For the animal health industry, increased drug availability means broader markets, increased revenues, and an opportunity to better serve their customers. For the veterinarian, more animal health products means that he or she is better able to treat the usual and the unusual conditions, and to prevent animal disease and suffering. No doubt, we are all winners when new technology and industrial and regulatory initiatives hasten the availability of safe and effective animal health products.