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This book provides a thorough overview of Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, and digital assets and their impact on the future of money and finance. It provides a 360-degree practical, concise, and engaging overview of all the topics that one interested about digital assets needs to know including how Bitcoin and Ethereum work, an overview of the most important digital assets in the market, and deep dives into the various types of digital assets including cryptocurrencies, stable coins, CBDCs, utility tokens, security tokens, NFTs, and many others. The book also covers all the essentials including DeFi, crypto mining, crypto regulations, crypto investors, crypto exchanges, and other ecosystem players as well as some of the latest global crypto trends from Web 3.0 and the Metaverse to DAOs and quantum computing. Written by a leading industry expert and thought leader who advises some of the leading organisations in the digital assets space globally, this book is ideal for anyone looking to acquire a solid foundational knowledge base of this fast-growing field and understand its potential impact on the future of money.
For over 40 years, the tech industry has been working to attract more women. Yet, women continue to be underrepresented in technology jobs compared to other professions. Worse, once hired, women leave the field mid-career twice as often as men. In 2013, Karen Holtzblatt launched The Women in Tech Retention Project at WITops.org, dedicated to understanding what helps women in tech thrive. In 2014, Nicola Marsden joined the effort, bringing her extensive knowledge and research on gender and bias for women in tech. Together with worldwide volunteers, this research identified what helps women thrive and practical interventions to improve women's experience at work. In this book, we share women's stories, our research, relevant literature, and our perspective on making change to help retain women. All the research and solutions we share are based on deep research and user-centered ideation techniques. Part I describes the @Work Experience Framework and the six key factors that help women thrive: a dynamic valuing team; stimulating projects; the push into challenges with support; local role models; nonjudgmental flexibility to manage home/work balance; and developing personal power. Employees thinking of leaving their job have significantly lower scores on these factors showing their importance for retention. Part II describes tested interventions that redesign work practices to better support women, diverse teams, and all team members. We chose these interventions guided by data from over 1,000 people from multiple genders, ethnicities, family situations, and countries. Interventions target key processes in tech: onboarding new hires; group critique meetings; and Scrum. Interventions also address managing interpersonal dynamics to increase valuing and decrease devaluing behaviors and techniques for teams to define, monitor, and continuously improve their culture. We conclude by describing our principles for redesigning processes with an eye toward issues important to women and diverse teams.
The inherent complex dynamics of a parametrically excited pendulum is of great interest in nonlinear dynamics, which can help one better understand the complex world.Even though the parametrically excited pendulum is one of the simplest nonlinear systems, until now, complex motions in such a parametric pendulum cannot be achieved. In this book, the bifurcation dynamics of periodic motions to chaos in a damped, parametrically excited pendulum is discussed. Complete bifurcation trees of periodic motions to chaos in the parametrically excited pendulum include:period-1 motion (static equilibriums) to chaos, andperiod-,,,, motions to chaos (,,,, = 1, 2, , 6, 8, , 12).The aforesaid bifurcation trees of periodic motions to chaos coexist in the same parameter ranges, which are very difficult to determine through traditional analysis. Harmonic frequency-amplitude characteristics of such bifurcation trees are also presented to show motion complexity and nonlinearity in such a parametrically excited pendulum system. The non-travelable and travelable periodic motions on the bifurcation trees are discovered. Through the bifurcation trees of travelable and non-travelable periodic motions, the travelable and non-travelable chaos in the parametrically excited pendulum can be achieved. Based on the traditional analysis, one cannot achieve the adequate solutions presented herein for periodic motions to chaos in the parametrically excited pendulum. The results in this book may cause one rethinking how to determine motion complexity in nonlinear dynamical systems.
Information usually has the highest value when it is fresh. For example, real-time knowledge about the location, orientation, and speed of motor vehicles is imperative in autonomous driving, and the access to timely information about stock prices and interest rate movements is essential for developing trading strategies on the stock market. The Age of Information (AoI) concept, together with its recent extensions, provides a means of quantifying the freshness of information and an opportunity to improve the performance of real-time systems and networks. Recent research advances on AoI suggest that many well-known design principles of traditional data networks (for, e.g., providing high throughput and low delay) need to be re-examined for enhancing information freshness in rapidly emerging real-time applications. This book provides a suite of analytical tools and insightful results on the generation of information-update packets at the source nodes and the design of network protocols forwarding the packets to their destinations. The book also points out interesting connections between AoI concept and information theory, signal processing, and control theory, which are worthy of future investigation.
This is the second of two books by the authors about engineering design principles for human-computer interaction (HCI-EDPs). The books report research that takes an HCI engineering discipline approach to acquiring initial such principles. Together, they identify best-practice HCI design knowledge for acquiring HCI-EDPs. This book specifically reports two case studies of the acquisition of initial such principles in the domains of domestic energy planning and control and business-to-consumer electronic commerce. The book begins by summarising the earlier volume, sufficient for readers to understand the case studies reported in full here. The themes, concepts, and ideas developed in both books concern HCI design knowledge, a critique thereof, and the related challenge. The latter is expressed as the need for HCI design knowledge to increase its fitness-for-purpose to support HCI design practice more effectively. HCI-EDPs are proposed here as one response to that challenge, and the book presents case studies of the acquisition of initial HCI-EDPs, including an introduction; two development cycles; and presentation and assessment for each. Carry forward of the HCI-EDP progress is also identified. The book adopts a discipline approach framework for HCI and an HCI engineering discipline framework for HCI-EDPs. These approaches afford design knowledge that supports "e;specify then implement"e; design practices. Acquisition of the initial EDPs apply current best-practice design knowledge in the form of "e;specify, implement, test, and iterate"e; design practices. This can be used similarly to acquire new HCI-EDPs. Strategies for developing HCI-EDPs are proposed together with conceptions of human-computer systems, required for conceptualisation and operationalisation of their associated design problems and design solutions. This book is primarily for postgraduate students and young researchers wishing to develop further the idea of HCI-EDPs and other more reliable HCI design knowledge. It is structured to support both the understanding and the operationalisation of HCI-EDPs, as required for their acquisition, their long-term potential contribution to HCI design knowledge, and their ultimate application to design practice.
This book gives a broad overview of research on sound simulation driven by a variety of applications. Vibrating objects produce sound, which then propagates through a medium such as air or water before finally being heard by a listener. As a crucial sensory channel, sound plays a vital role in many applications. There is a well-established research community in acoustics that has studied the problems related to sound simulation for six decades. Some of the earliest work was motivated by the design of concert halls, theaters, or lecture rooms with good acoustic characteristics. These problems also have been investigated in other applications, including noise control and sound design for urban planning, building construction, and automotive applications. Moreover, plausible or realistic sound effects can improve the sense of presence in a virtual environment or a game. In these applications, sound can provide important clues such as source directionality and spatial size. The book first surveys various sound synthesis methods, including harmonic synthesis, texture synthesis, spectral analysis, and physics-based synthesis. Next, it provides an overview of sound propagation techniques, including wave-based methods, geometric-based methods, and hybrid methods. The book also summarizes various techniques for sound rendering. Finally, it surveys some recent trends, including the use of machine learning methods to accelerate sound simulation and the use of sound simulation techniques for other applications such as speech recognition, source localization, and computer-aided design.
Theory is what remains true when technology is changing. So, it is important to know and master the basic concepts and the theoretical tools that underlie the design of the systems we are using today and the systems we will use tomorrow. This means that, given a computing model, we need to know what can be done and what cannot be done in that model. Considering systems built on top of an asynchronous read/write shared memory prone to process crashes, this monograph presents and develops the fundamental notions that are universal constructions, consensus numbers, distributed recursivity, power of the BG simulation, and what can be done when one has to cope with process anonymity and/or memory anonymity. Numerous distributed algorithms are presented, the aim of which is being to help the reader better understand the power and the subtleties of the notions that are presented. In addition, the reader can appreciate the simplicity and beauty of some of these algorithms.
The use of sensors and instrumentation for measuring and control is growing at a very rapid rate in all facets of life in today's world. This Part II of Instrumentation: Theory and Practice is designed to provide the reader with essential knowledge regarding a broad spectrum of sensors and transducers and their applications. This textbook is intended for use as an introductory one-semester course at the junior level of an undergraduate program. It is also very relevant for technicians, engineers, and researchers who had no formal training in instrumentation and wish to engage in experimental measurements. The prerequisites are: a basic knowledge of multivariable calculus, introductory physics, college algebra, and a familiarity with basic electrical circuits and components. This book emphasizes the use of simplified electrical circuits to convert the change in the measured physical variable into a voltage output signal. In each chapter, relevant sensors and their operation are presented and discussed at a fundamental level and are integrated with the essential mathematical theory in a simplified form. The book is richly illustrated with colored figures and images. End-of-chapter examples and problems complement the text in a simple and straight forward manner.
This is the first of two books concerned with engineering design principles for Human-Computer Interaction-Engineering Design Principles (HCI-EDPs). The book presents the background for the companion volume. The background is divided into three parts and comprises-"e;HCI for EDPs,"e; "e;HCI Design Knowledge for EDPs,"e; and "e;HCI-EDPs-A Way Forward for HCI Design Knowledge."e; The companion volume reports in full the acquisition of initial HCI-EDPs in the domains of domestic energy planning and control and business-to-consumer electronic commerce (Long, Cummaford, and Stork, 2022, in press). The background includes the disciplinary basis for HCI-EDPs, a critique of, and the challenge for, HCI design knowledge in general. The latter is categorised into three types for the purposes in hand. These are craft artefacts and design practice experience, models and methods, and principles, rules, and heuristics. HCI-EDPs attempt to meet the challenge for HCI design knowledge by increasing the reliability of its fitness-for-purpose to support HCI design practice. The book proposes "e;instance-first/class-first"e; approaches to the acquisition of HCI-EDPs. The approaches are instantiated in two case studies, summarised here and reported in full in the companion volume. The book is for undergraduate students trying to understand the different kinds of HCI design knowledge, their varied and associated claims, and their potential for application to design practice now and in the future. The book also provides grounding for young researchers seeking to develop further HCI-EDPs in their own work.
Pragmatism attends to the practical outcomes of what we think and do, the social community in which we practice, and the bases of experience to inform our ideas and practices. Practice theories help explain what we do as complex systems of activity. Together, pragmatism and practice theories help broaden our understanding of the nature of engineering work as a social practice having important consequences for individuals and society. The practical nature of engineering embedded in our complex social and community systems is emphasized. Of all the pragmatists John Dewey's influence on education has been the most profound.He promoted social democracy in education. Although he founded experimental schools with this as their goal of major interest, to engineering educators his promotion of problem solving through a form of inquiry is his major attraction. Its modern embodiment is problem-based learning. It requires teachers to become facilitators of learning rather than transmitters of knowledge. How, within the framework of a traditionally oriented curriculum Dewey's epistemology of inquiry-based learning might be introduced is discussed. Lonergan's basic method of the human mind underlying specialized methods offers a basis for a unified theory and pedagogy of engineering. It also provides for a conception of engineering that gives due recognition to its ethical character and to the need for engineering virtues. This knowing-based view of engineering, focused on "e;engineering insight,"e; provides the basis for a core, discipline-neutral approach to engineering.It proposes an engineering education centered on norms inherent to the knowing process, specifically attentiveness and intentionality. These norms in turn provide a source for defining and developing engineering virtues and character.
The urgent need for vehicle electrification and improvement in fuel efficiency has gained increasing attention worldwide. Regarding this concern, the solution of hybrid vehicle systems has proven its value from academic research and industry applications, where energy management plays a key role in taking full advantage of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). There are many well-established energy management approaches, ranging from rules-based strategies to optimization-based methods, that can provide diverse options to achieve higher fuel economy performance. However, the research scope for energy management is still expanding with the development of intelligent transportation systems and the improvement in onboard sensing and computing resources. Owing to the boom in machine learning, especially deep learning and deep reinforcement learning (DRL), research on learning-based energy management strategies (EMSs) is gradually gaining more momentum. They have shown great promise in not only being capable of dealing with big data, but also in generalizing previously learned rules to new scenarios without complex manually tunning. Focusing on learning-based energy management with DRL as the core, this book begins with an introduction to the background of DRL in HEV energy management. The strengths and limitations of typical DRL-based EMSs are identified according to the types of state space and action space in energy management. Accordingly, value-based, policy gradient-based, and hybrid action space-oriented energy management methods via DRL are discussed, respectively. Finally, a general online integration scheme for DRL-based EMS is described to bridge the gap between strategy learning in the simulator and strategy deployment on the vehicle controller.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Group Decision and Negotiation, GDN 2022, which was held virtually during June 12-16, 2022. The field of Group Decision and Negotiation focuses on decision processes with at least two participants and a common goal but conflicting individual goals. Research areas of Group Decision and Negotiation include electronic negotiations, experiments, the role of emotions in group decision and negotiations, preference elicitation and decision support for group decisions and negotiations, and conflict resolution principles. This year's conference focusses on methodological and practical issues.The 9 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 68 submissions. They were organized in the following topical sections: Preference modeling for group decision and negotiation; conflict resolution; collaborative decision making processes.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Integrated Formal Methods, IFM 2022, held in Lugano, Switzerland, in June 2022.The 14 full papers and 2 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. The papers are categorized into the following topical sub-headings: Invited Papers; Cooperative and Relational Verification; B Method; Time; Probability; learning and Synthesis; Security; Stats Analysis and Testing; PhD Symposium Presentations.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the CAiSE Forum 2022 which was held in Leuven, Belgium, in June 2022, as part of the 34th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2022. The CAiSE Forum is a place within the CAiSE conference for presenting and discussing new ideas and tools related to information systems engineering. Intended to serve as an interactive platform, the Forum aims at the presentation of emerging new topics and controversial positions, as well as demonstration of innovative systems, tools and applications. The 15 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 24 submissions.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the international workshops associated with the 34th International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE 2022, which was held in Leuven, Belgium, during June 6-10, 2022.The workshops included in this volume are:nbsp; BC4IS: Second International Workshop on Blockchain for Information Systemsnbsp; ISESL: Second International Workshop on Information Systems Engineering for Smarter Lifenbsp; KET4DF: 4th International Workshop on Key Enabling Technology for Digital FactoriesThey reflect a broad range of topics and trends ranging from blockchain technologies via digital factories, ethics, and ontologies, to the agile methods for business and information systems.The 11 full papers and 1 short paper presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 26th International Conference on Implementation and Application of Automata, CIAA 2022, held in Rouen, France in June/ July 2022. The 16 regular papers presented together with 3 invited lectures in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 26 submissions. The topics of the papers covering various fields in the application, implementation, and theory of automata and related structures.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 37th International Conference on High Performance Computing, ISC High Performance 2022, held in Hamburg, Germany, during May 29 - June 2, 2022.The 18 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers are categorized into the following topical sub-headings: Architecture, Networks, and Storage; Machine Learning, AI, Emerging Technologies; HPC Algorithms and Applications; Performance Modeling, Evaluation and Analysis; and Programming Environments and Systems Software.
This volume revised versions of the selected papers presented during the Third International Workshop on Advanced Virtual Environments and Education, WAVE 2021, held in Fortaleza, Brazil, in March 2021. The 7 full papers and 4 short papers presented were thoroughly reviewed and selected from the 27 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: learning scenarios and grouping methods; applications and scenarios, phigital, CS education and assessment; human computer interfaces for education, study cases for accessibility and wellbeing.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Emerging Technologies in Computer Engineering, ICETCE 2021, held in Jaipur, India, in February 2022.The 40 revised full papers along with 20 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 235 submissions. The papers are organized according to the following topical headings: cognitive computing; Internet of Things (IoT); machine learning and applications; soft computing; data science and big data analytics; blockchain and cyber security.
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, RTIP2R 2021, held in Msida, Malta, in December 2021. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held online. The 19 full papers and 14 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 84 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: healthcare: medical imaging and informatics; computer vision and pattern recognition; document analysis and recognition; signal processing and machine learning; satellite imaging and remote sensing.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Integer Programming and Combinatorial Optimization, IPCO 2022, held in Eindhoven, The Netherlands, in June 2022. The 33 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 93 submissions addressing key techniques of document analysis. IPCO is under the auspices of the Mathematical Optimization Society, and it is an important forum for presenting the latest results of theory and practice of the various aspects of discrete optimization.
This book offers a comprehensive review of the latest developments, challenges and trends in C1-based (one-carbon based) bioproduction, and it presents an authoritative account of one-carbon compounds as promising alternative microbial feedstocks. The book starts with a perspective on the future of C1 compounds as alternative feedstocks for microbial growth, and their vital role in the establishment of a sustainable circular carbon economy, followed by several chapters in which expert contributors discuss about the recent strategies and address key challenges regarding one or more C1 feedstocks. The book covers topics such as acetogenic production from C1 feedstocks, aerobic carboxydotrophic bacteria potential in industrial biotechnology, bioconversion of methane to value-added compounds, combination of electrochemistry and biology to convert C1 compounds, and bioprocesses based on C1-mixotrophy. Particular attention is given to the current metabolic engineering, systems biology, and synthetic biology strategies applied in this field.
The book consists of papers on selected topics of dependability analysis in computer systems and networks which were discussed during the 17th DepCoS-RELCOMEX conference held in Wroclaw, Poland, from June 27th to July 1st, 2022. Their collection will be an interesting source material for scientists, researchers, practitioners and students who are dealing with design, analysis and engineering of computer systems and networks and must ensure their dependable operation.Being probably the most complex technical systems ever engineered by man (and also, the most dynamically evolving ones), organization of contemporary computer systems and networks cannot be interpreted only as a structure built on the base of unreliable technical resources. Their evaluation must take into account a unique blend of interacting people, networks (together with mobile properties, cloud organization, Internet of Everything, etc.) and a large number of users dispersed geographically and constantly producing an unconceivable number of applications. Research methods being continuously developed for dependability analyses apply newest results of artificial and computational intelligence. Selection of papers in this book illustrates broad range of topics, often multi-disciplinary, which is considered in present-day dependability explorations; it also reveals an increasing role of the latest methods based on machine/deep learning and neural networks in these studies.
This book provides an overview of the role of statistics in Risk Analysis, by addressing theory, methodology and applications covering the broad scope of risk assessment in life sciences and public health, environmental science as well as in economics and finance. Experimental Design plays a key role in many of these areas, therefore there is special attention paid to joining Risk Analysis and Experimental Design topics. The contributions of this volume originate from the 8th International Conference on Risk Analysis (23-26 April, 2019, Vienna). The conference brought together researchers and practitioners working in the field of Risk Analysis. The most important contributions at the conference have been refereed and developed into chapters to show the latest developments in the field.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 33rd International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms, IWOCA 2022, which took place as a hybrid event in Trier, Germany, during June 7-9, 2022.The 35 papers presented in these proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 86 submissions. They deal with diverse topics related to combinatorial algorithms, such as algorithms and data structures; algorithmic and combinatorical aspects of cryptography and information security; algorithmic game theory and complexity of games; approximation algorithms; complexity theory; combinatorics and graph theory; combinatorial generation, enumeration and counting; combinatorial optimization; combinatorics of words; computational biology; computational geometry; decompositions and combinatorial designs; distributed and network algorithms; experimental combinatorics; fine-grained complexity; graph algorithms and modelling with graphs; graph drawing and graph labelling; network theory and temporal graphs; quantum computing and algorithms for quantum computers; online algorithms; parameterized and exact algorithms; probabilistic andrandomized algorithms; and streaming algorithms.
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings the 6th EAI International Conference on Design, Leaning and Innovation, DLI 2021, which took place in December 2021. Due to COVID-19 pandemic the conference was held virtually. The theme for DLI 2021 was "e;Shifting boundaries to discover novel ways and emerging technologies to realise human needs, ideas, and desires"e; targeting a conceptualisation of the effects and impact of digital technologies for, in an inclusive and playful way, fostering human beings to realising their needs, ideas and desires. The 17 revised full papers presented were carefully selected from 36 submissions and are organized in four thematic sessions on: digital technologies, design and learning; tools and models; artificial intelligence, virtual reality and augmented reality in learning; innovative designs and learning.
The two volume set LNCS 13258 and 13259 constitutes the proceedings of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2022, held in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain in May - June 2022. The total of 121 contributions was carefully reviewed and selected from 203 submissions. The papers are organized in two volumes, with the following topical sub-headings:Part I: Machine Learning in Neuroscience; Neuromotor and Cognitive Disorders; Affective Analysis; Health ApplicationsPart II: Affective Computing in Ambient Intelligence; Bioinspired Computing Approaches; Machine Learning in Computer Vision and Robot; Deep Learning; Artificial Intelligence Applications.
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 13th International Conference on e-Infrastructure and e-Services for Developing Countries, AFRICOMM 2021, held in Zanzibar, Tanzania, in December 2021. The 31 full papers presented were carefully selected from 78 submissions. The papers discuss issues and trends, resent research, innovation and experiences related to e-Infrastructure and e-Services along with their associated policy and regulations with a deep focus on developing countries. In recognition of the challenges imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the conference organized a workshop to share experience on digital leaning and teaching at the time of pandemic, which garnered 3 papers.
The two volume set LNCS 13258 and 13259 constitutes the proceedings of the International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2022, held in Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain in May - June 2022. The total of 121 contributions was carefully reviewed and selected from 203 submissions. The papers are organized in two volumes, with the following topical sub-headings: Part I: Machine Learning in Neuroscience; Neuromotor and Cognitive Disorders; Affective Analysis; Health Applications,Part II: Affective Computing in Ambient Intelligence; Bioinspired Computing Approaches; Machine Learning in Computer Vision and Robot; Deep Learning; Artificial Intelligence Applications.