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Many textbooks on computer vision can be unwieldy and intimidating in their coverage of this extensive discipline. This textbook addresses the need for a concise overview of the fundamentals of this field.Concise Computer Vision provides an accessible general introduction to the essential topics in computer vision, highlighting the role of important algorithms and mathematical concepts. Classroom-tested programming exercises and review questions are also supplied at the end of each chapter. Topics and features: provides an introduction to the basic notation and mathematical concepts for describing an image, and the key concepts for mapping an image into an image; explains the topologic and geometric basics for analysing image regions and distributions of image values, and discusses identifying patterns in an image; introduces optic flow for representing dense motion, and such topics in sparse motion analysis as keypoint detection and descriptor definition, and feature tracking using the Kalman filter; describes special approaches for image binarization and segmentation of still images or video frames; examines the three basic components of a computer vision system, namely camera geometry and photometry, coordinate systems, and camera calibration; reviews different techniques for vision-based 3D shape reconstruction, including the use of structured lighting, stereo vision, and shading-based shape understanding; includes a discussion of stereo matchers, and the phase-congruency model for image features; presents an introduction into classification and learning, with a detailed description of basic AdaBoost and the use of random forests.This concise and easy to read textbook/reference is ideal for an introductory course at third- or fourth-year level in an undergraduate computer science or engineering programme.
To the entomologist all insects have six legs; the layman tends to use the term "e;insect"e; to include the eight-legged spiders and mites. All these creatures are correctly classified as arthropods. Many thousands of the hundreds of thousands of recognised species of arthropods are found in the human environment-domestic, occupational and rec- reational. Those species which are obligate parasites of man, the human scabies mite and the head and body lice, produce familiar clinical syndromes. They remain important in medical practice and have been the subject of a great deal of recent research. This is beginning to throw much light on the immunological mechanisms which largely determine the reactions of the host. Dr. Alexander has provided a detailed survey of this work. The wasps, bees, ants and other Hymenoptera which may sting man in self-defence can cause painful, even fatal reactions. The recent work on this important subject has also been thoroughly reviewed. Every dermatologist of experience will admit that he sees many patients in whom he makes a diagnosis of "e;insect bites"e;, if he has the confidence to do so, or of "e;papular urticaria"e; or "e;prurigo"e; when he lacks such confidence, mainly because he is at a loss to know which arthropod is likely to be implicated. In his survey of the enormous literature in the entomological, public health and dermatology journals Dr. Alexander has provided an invaluable guide in which the solutions to these clinical mysteries can be sought.
From the point of view of strict logic, a rigorous course on real analysis should precede a course on calculus. Strict logic, is, however, overruled by both history and practicality. Historically, calculus, with its origins in the 17th century, came first, and made rapid progress on the basis of informal intuition. Not until well through the 19th century was it possible to claim that the edifice was constructed on sound logical foundations. As for practicality, every university teacher knows that students are not ready for even a semi-rigorous course on analysis until they have acquired the intuitions and the sheer technical skills that come from a traditional calculus course. 1 Real analysis, I have always thought, is the pons asinorv.m of modern mathematics. This shows, I suppose, how much progress we have made in two thousand years, for it is a great deal more sophisticated than the Theorem of Pythagoras, which once received that title. All who have taught the subject know how patient one has to be, for the ideas take root gradually, even in students of good ability. This is not too surprising, since it took more than two centuries for calculus to evolve into what we now call analysis, and even a gifted student, guided by an expert teacher, cannot be expected to grasp all of the issues immediately.
Systems Thinkers presents a biographical history of the field of systems thinking, by examining the life and work of thirty of its major thinkers. It discusses each thinker's key contributions, the way this contribution was expressed in practice and the relationship between their life and ideas. This discussion is supported by an extract from the thinker's own writing, to give a flavour of their work and to give readers a sense of which thinkers are most relevant to their own interests. Systems thinking is necessarily interdisciplinary, so that the thinkers selected come from a wide range of areas - biology, management, physiology, anthropology, chemistry, public policy, sociology and environmental studies among others. A significant aim of the book is to broaden and deepen the reader's interest in systems writers, providing an appetising 'taster' for each of the 30 thinkers, so that the reader is encouraged to go on to study the published works of the thinkers themselves.
Many children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are admitted with serious infections. If they do not have serious infections prior to admission, there is also a high chance of them acquiring nosocomial infection once admitted. Many syndromes may lead to serious infection and the need for high dependency or intensive care. In addition, the numbers of children who are severely immunocompromised and surviving for extended periods are increasing. Any delay in therapy may produce more severe infection in an immunocompetent patient. As the influence of genetic factors in infectious disease becomes evident and new therapies and new modes of therapy have been introduced, there is the need to draw together these topics into one text. Infectious Diseases in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit specifically examines infectious disease aspects of pediatric intensive care, from the reasons for admission, the risks of nosocomial infection, infection control, modes of therapy and outcomes.
In a world of increasing complexity, instant information availability and constant flux, systems approaches provide the opportunity of a tangible anchor of purpose and iterate learning. The five approaches outlined in the book offer a range of interchangeable tools with rigorous frameworks of application tried and tested in the 'real world'. The frameworks of each approach form a powerful toolkit to explore the dynamics of how societies emerge, how organisations create viability, how to facilitate chains of argument through causal mapping, how to embrace a multiplicity of perspectives identifying purposeful activity and how to look for the bigger picture across multiple disciplines.Systems Approaches offers an excellent first introduction for those seeking to understand what 'systems thinking' is all about as well as why the tools discussed herein should be applied to management and professional practice. This book provides a practical guide, and the chapters stand alone in explaining and developing each approach.
This second edition of the popular textbook contains a comprehensive course in modern probability theory, covering a wide variety of topics which are not usually found in introductory textbooks, including: * limit theorems for sums of random variables* martingales* percolation* Markov chains and electrical networks* construction of stochastic processes* Poisson point process and infinite divisibility* large deviation principles and statistical physics* Brownian motion* stochastic integral and stochastic differential equations.The theory is developed rigorously and in a self-contained way, with the chapters on measure theory interlaced with the probabilistic chapters in order to display the power of the abstract concepts in probability theory. This second edition has been carefully extended and includes many new features. It contains updated figures (over 50), computer simulations and some difficult proofs have been made more accessible. A wealth of examples and more than 270 exercises as well as biographic details of key mathematicians support and enliven the presentation. It will be of use to students and researchers in mathematics and statistics in physics, computer science, economics and biology.
Computer communications and networks are an integral part of any computer science degree, with the technology growing ever more pervasive in modern life.This clear and easy-to-follow textbook presents a detailed introduction to the essentials of networking and communications technologies, supported by numerous diagrams, examples and exercises designed to increase confidence in using and understanding communications systems. Thoroughly revised and updated, this much-anticipated new edition retains the popular step-by-step approach of the original, organised to help those without a strong knowledge of the subject matter to grasp the material quickly.Topics and features: provides chapter-ending summaries and review questions, an Appendix on TCP/IP packet formats and an expanded Glossary; supplies supplementary material at the associated Springer website, including teaching slides, solutions to the end-of-chapter questions and supplementary exercises with solutions; presents a greater emphasis on mobile computing and network security, and extended coverage of IPv6 (NEW); discusses networking models and standards, local area and wide area networks, network protocols, TCP/IP-based networks, network management and wireless communications; examines grid and cloud computing, microblogging, mobile ad hoc networks, near-field communication, Power over Ethernet and the Ground Positioning System (NEW).Written specifically for undergraduate students of computing with no previous experience in the field, this comprehensive and authoritative textbook draws upon the author's many years of teaching experience.
Handbook of Blood Gas/Acid-Base Interpretation, 2nd edition, simplifies concepts in blood gas/acid base interpretation and explains in an algorithmic fashion the physiological processes for managing respiratory and metabolic disorders. With this handbook, medical students, residents, nurses, and practitioners of respiratory and intensive care will find it possible to quickly grasp the principles underlying respiratory and acid-base physiology, and apply them. Uniquely set out in the form of flow-diagrams/algorithms charts, this handbook introduces concepts in a logically organized sequence and gradually builds upon them. The treatment of the subject in this format, describing processes in logical steps makes it easy for the reader to cover a difficult- and sometimes dreaded- subject rapidly.
A basic understanding of the key techniques in computer graphics can open the door to this exciting field and its many applications.This easy-to-follow textbook/reference introduces the fundamental concepts of computer graphics, integrating both technical background and theory with practical examples and applications throughout. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new edition continues to present a user-friendly approach to creating images and animations, complementing the expanded coverage of topics with extensive usage of example programs and exercises.Topics and features: provides an ideal, self-contained introduction to computer graphics, with theory and practice presented in integrated combination; presents a practical guide to basic computer graphics programming using Java 2D and 3D; includes new and expanded content on the integration of text in 3D, particle systems, billboard behaviours, dynamic surfaces, the concept of level of detail, and the use of functions of two variables for surface modelling; contains many pedagogical tools, including numerous easy-to-understand example programs and end-of-chapter exercises; supplies useful supplementary material, including additional exercises, solutions, and program examples, at the associated website http://public.ostfalia.de/~klawonn/computergraphics.This reader-friendly textbook is an essential tool for second-year undergraduate students and above, providing clear and concise explanations of the basic concepts of computer graphics, and enabling the reader to immediately implement these concepts in Java 2D and/or 3D with only elementary knowledge of the programming language.
Overview and Goals Wireless communication technologies are undergoing rapid advancements. The past few years have experienced a steep growth in research in the area of wireless ad hoc networks. The attractiveness of ad hoc networks, in general, is attributed to their characteristics/features such as ability for infrastructure-less setup, minimal or no reliance on network planning and the ability of the nodes to self-organize and self-configure without the involvement of a centralized n- work manager, router, access point or a switch. These features help to set up a network fast in situations where there is no existing network setup or in times when setting up a fixed infrastructure network is considered infeasible, for example, in times of emergency or during relief operations. Even though ad hoc networks have emerged to be attractive and they hold great promises for our future, there are several challenges that need to be addressed. Some of the well-known challenges are attributed to issues relating to scalability, quality-of-service, energy efficiency and security.
OpenGL Graphics Through Applications is a practical introduction to Computer Graphics with an emphasis on understanding through practice. Throughout the book, theory is followed by implementation using C / C++ and complete programs are provided on the Springer website.A procedural approach has been taken to algorithmic development while taking an object oriented approach when building artefacts from simple objects. The book covers a range of topics including: (1) image processing, (2) artefact construction, (3) introductory animation, (4) texturing, (5) curves surfaces and patterns.Robert Whitrow has taught computing courses from first year undergraduate to postgraduate MSc at a range of different institutions.
Over the past several years, Internet users have changed in their usage p- terns from predominately client/server-based Web server interactions to also involving the use of more decentralized applications, where they contribute more equally in the role of the application as a whole, and further to d- tributed communities based around the Web. Distributed systems take many forms, appear in many areas and range from truly decentralized systems, like Gnutella, Skype and Jxta, centrally indexed brokered systems like Web s- vices and Jini and centrally coordinated systems like SETI@home. From P2P and Grids and Services on the Web Evolving Distributed Communities provides a comprehensive overview of the emerging trends in peer-to-peer (P2P), distributed objects, Web Services, the Web, and Grid computing technologies, which have rede ned the way we think about d- tributed computing and the Internet. The book has four main themes: d- tributed environments, protocols and architectures for applications, protocols and architectures focusing on middleware and nally deployment of these middleware systems, providing real-world examples of their usage.
"e;Data-Driven 3D Facial Animation"e; systematically describes the important techniques developed over the last ten years or so. Although 3D facial animation is used more and more in the entertainment industries, to date there have been very few books that address the techniques involved.Comprehensive in scope, the book covers not only traditional lip-sync (speech animation), but also expressive facial motion, facial gestures, facial modeling, editing and sketching, and facial animation transferring. It provides an up-to-date reference source for academic research and for professionals working in the facial animation field. An edited volume, the book brings together contributions from leading researchers and practitioners working in both academia and in the leading animation studios.
Distributed processing has a strong theoretical foundation, but many day-to-day practitioners make limited use of the advantages this theory can give them. The result includes unreliable systems with obscure and intermittent failures that can cost time, money and in extreme cases, lives. Reliable construction of distributed and concurrent systems must incorporate theory in practice.This book provides a concise presentation of the theory closely linked to the practical realisation of these concepts. This easy-to-follow textbook focuses on practical issues of building working distributed systems and gives an overview of the basic theory, principles and techniques, whilst illustrating how these fit together, via the process of building interesting, non-trivial systems.Topics and features: Provides all the elements needed for a complete development of a distributed system, from theory to practice Offers an integrated approach to the field of distributed processing, and presents a coherent view of the field as a practical subject Links theoretical models of concurrency with practical realisation of systems Contains many examples from C, Java Ada and Eiffel, as well as case studies Considers important aspects of the engineering process, including models that can be used to assess and analyse parts of distributed systems, implementation techniques, as well as protocols and security concerns Many pedagogical tools: chapter summaries, exercises (with sketch solutions and hints), comprehensive glossary, Internet support for students and instructors, accessible at http://www.scm.tees.ac.uk/p.j.brooke/dpb/. Ideal for use by lecturers as a coherent one-term course or module on distributed systemsWritten with undergraduates in mind, especially relevant for intermediate-level students, this user-friendly textbook will prove a clear and comprehensive guide to the topic and the foundations for a methodological approach to building these systems. Dr Phil Brooke is a lecturer in computer science at the University of Teesside, and Dr Richard Paige is a lecturer in computer science at the University of York. Both have extensive teaching experience, from which this textbook has grown.
Semantics will have an important role to play in the future development of software systems and domain specific languages, and there is a real need for an introductory book that presents the fundamental ideas behind these approaches; stresses their relationship by formulating and proving the relevant theorems; and illustrates the applications of semantics in computer science. This book investigates the relationship between the various methods and describes some of the main ideas used, illustrating these via interesting applications. Historically important application areas are used together with some exciting potential applications including: Validating prototype implementations of programming languages. Verifying program analyses that are part of more advanced implementations of programming languages. Verifying security analyses. Verifying useful program properties including information about execution time.
This textbook is uniquely written with dual purpose. It cover cores material in the foundations of computing for graduate students in computer science and also provides an introduction to some more advanced topics for those intending further study in the area. This innovative text focuses primarily on computational complexity theory: the classification of computational problems in terms of their inherent complexity. The book contains an invaluable collection of lectures for first-year graduates on the theory of computation. Topics and features include more than 40 lectures for first year graduate students, and a dozen homework sets and exercises.
Interactive curve modeling techniques and their applications are extremely useful inanumber ofacademicandindustrialsettings.Speci?cally, curvemodelingplays a signi?cant role in multidisciplinary problem solving. It is extremely useful in various situations like font design, designing objects, CAD/CAM, medical im- ing and visualization, scienti?c data visualization, virtual reality, object recog- tion, etc. In particular, various problems like iris recognition, ?ngerprint rec- nition, signature recognition, etc. can also be intelligently solved and automated using curve techniques. In addition to its critical importance more recently, the curve modeling methods have also proven to be indispensable in a variety of m- ern industries, including computer vision, robotics, medical imaging, visuali- tion, and even media. This book aims to provide a valuable source that focuses on interdisciplinary methods and to add up-to-date methodologies in the area. It aims to provide the user community with a variety of techniques, applications, and systems necessary for various real-life problems in the areas such as font design, medical visuali- tion, scienti?c data visualization, archaeology, toon rendering, virtual reality, body simulation, outline capture of images, object recognition, signature recognition, industrial applications, and many others.
Many have heard that six sigma methods are necessary to survive, let alone thrive, in today's competitive markets, but are not really sure what the methods are or how or when to use them. Introduction to Engineering Statistics and Six Sigma contains precise descriptions of all of the many related methods and details case studies showing how they have been applied in engineering and business to achieve millions of dollars of savings. Specifically, the methods introduced include many kinds of design of experiments (DOE) and statistical process control (SPC) charting approaches, failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA), formal optimization, genetic algorithms, gauge reproducibility and repeatability (R&R), linear regression, neural nets, simulation, quality function deployment (QFD) and Taguchi methods. A major goal of the book is to help the reader to determine exactly which methods to apply in which situation and to predict how and when the methods might not be effective. Illustrative examples are provided for all the methods presented and exercises based on case studies help the reader build associations between techniques and industrial problems. A glossary of acronyms provides familiarity with six sigma terminology and solutions to homework and practice exams are included.
Covers a comprehensive range of P2P and Grid technologies.Provides a broad overview of the P2P field and how it relates to other technologies, such as Grid Computing, jini, Agent based computing, and web services.
Although geometry has been a flourishing discipline for millennia, most of it has seen either no practical applications or only esoteric ones. Computing is quickly making much of geometry intriguing not only for philosophers and mathematicians, but also for scientists and engineers. What is the core set of topics that a practitioner needs to study before embarking on the design and implementation of a geometric system in a specialized discipline? This book attempts to find the answer.Every programmer tackling a geometric computing problem encounters design decisions that need to be solved. What may not be clear to individual programmers is that these design decisions have already been contemplated by others who have gone down some system design path only to discover (usually much later) that the design decisions that were made were lacking in some respect. This book reviews the geometric theory then applies it in an attempt to find that elusive "e;right"e; design.
This book provides a guide to the correction of maxillofacial trauma surgery. Chapters covering the initial considerations, assessment, and techniques required in post-traumatic surgery are included to give the reader an understanding of how and why a particular procedure takes place. The treatment of eye, nose, cheek, ear, jaw, and soft tissue deformities are also discussed.Atlas of Operative Maxillofacial Trauma Surgery: Post-Traumatic Deformity aims to give a framework to trainee and practising surgeons to help them manage trauma and allow them to assess and treat patients with facial deformities.
Design for Environmental Sustainability is a technical and operative contribution to the United Nations "e;Decade on Education for Sustainable Development"e; (2005-2014), aiding the development of a new generation of designers, responsible and able in the task of designing environmentally sustainable products.Design for Environmental Sustainability provides a comprehensive framework and a practical tool to support the design process. The book offers an organic vision of methodologies, tools and strategies for the integration of environmental requirements into product development. Possible strategies and design guidelines are highlighted, accompanied by a large selection of high-quality environmentally-aware product design case studies.Divided into four parts, the first part covers environmental sustainability and presents the general guidelines that can be followed to reach it. The second part examines the Life Cycle Design approach and the strategies to minimise consumption of resources, select low environmental impact resources, optimise product life span, extend the life of materials, and design for disassembly. The third part presents methods and tools to evaluate the environmental impact of products (e.g., Life Cycle Assessment) and other support tools for the integration of environmental requirements into real design processes. The fourth and final part describes the historical evolution of sustainability, both in design practice and research.Design for Environmental Sustainability is an important text for all students, designers and design engineers interested in product development processes.
A goldmine of theoretical insights and practical suggestions, Achieving Excellence in Medical Education, Second Edition explores the essential question facing medical educators and learners today: What is our vision of educational excellence, and what can we do to enhance our performance?Among the topics explored within this updated, engaging, informative, and thought-provoking text are:* Education's position as a priority of medical schools* Seminal educational insights from non-medical educators* Best practices of outstanding educators and learners* Promises and pitfalls of new educational technologies* Key resources for promoting excellence in medical education* Medical education's role in preparing future leaders* Leadership roles for medical schools in universities and society Reviews of the first edition: "e;This is an eloquent, quotable, and inspirational book that provides a template for "e;Achieving Excellence in Medical Education."e; - Journal of the American Medical Association "e;Gunderman is an accomplished educator, well known as a thoughtful and provocative teacher. . . I recommend his book to department chairs, clerkship and residency program directors, and education professionals who are shaping the future of medical education."e; - New England Journal of Medicine
Since the second edition of this text, the use of the Internet and networks generally has continued to expand at a phenomenal rate. This has led to both an increase in demand for network software and to improvements in the technology used to run such networks, with the latter naturally leading to changes in the former. During this time, the Java libraries have been updated to keep up with the new developments in network technology, so that the Java programming language continues to be one of the mainstays of network software development.In providing a very readable text that avoids getting immersed in low-level technical details, while still providing a useful, practical guide to network programming for both undergraduates and busy IT professionals, this third edition continues the trend of its predecessors. To retain its currency, the text has been updated to reflect changes that have taken place in Java's network technology over the past seven years (including the release of Java 7), whilst retaining its notable features of numerous code examples, screenshots and end-of-chapter exercises.
The presence of uncertainty in a system description has always been a critical issue in control. The main objective of Randomized Algorithms for Analysis and Control of Uncertain Systems, with Applications (Second Edition) is to introduce the reader to the fundamentals of probabilistic methods in the analysis and design of systems subject to deterministic and stochastic uncertainty. The approach propounded by this text guarantees a reduction in the computational complexity of classical control algorithms and in the conservativeness of standard robust control techniques. The second edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect recent research and new applications with chapters on statistical learning theory, sequential methods for control and the scenario approach being completely rewritten. Features:* self-contained treatment explaining Monte Carlo and Las Vegas randomized algorithms from their genesis in the principles of probability theory to their use for system analysis;* development of a novel paradigm for (convex and nonconvex) controller synthesis in the presence of uncertainty and in the context of randomized algorithms; * comprehensive treatment of multivariate sample generation techniques, including consideration of the difficulties involved in obtaining identically and independently distributed samples;* applications of randomized algorithms in various endeavours, such as PageRank computation for the Google Web search engine, unmanned aerial vehicle design (both new in the second edition), congestion control of high-speed communications networks and stability of quantized sampled-data systems. Randomized Algorithms for Analysis and Control of Uncertain Systems (second edition) is certain to interest academic researchers and graduate control students working in probabilistic, robust or optimal control methods and control engineers dealing with system uncertainties.The present book is a very timely contribution to the literature. I have no hesitation in asserting that it will remain a widely cited reference work for many years.M. Vidyasagar
This user's reference is a companion to the separate book also titled "e;Guide to Modeling and Simulation of Systems of Systems."e; The principal book explicates integrated development environments to support virtual building and testing of systems of systems, covering in some depth the MS4 Modeling Environment(TM). This user's reference provides a quick reference and exposition of the various concepts and functional features covered in that book. The topics in the user's reference are grouped in alignment with the workflow displayed on the MS4 Modeling Environment(TM) launch page, under the headings Atomic Models, System Entity Structure, Pruning SES, and Miscellaneous. For each feature, the reference discusses why we use it, when we should use it, and how to use it. Further comments and links to related features are also included.
In this book, Tony Sammes and Brian Jenkinson show how information held in computer systems can be recovered and how it may be deliberately hidden or subverted for criminal purposes. "e;Forensic Computing: A Practitioner's Guide"e; is illustrated by plenty of case studies and worked examples, and will help practitioners and students gain a clear understanding of:* how to recover information from computer systems in such a way as to ensure that its integrity cannot be challenged and that it will be accepted as admissible evidence in court* the principles involved in password protection and data encryption* the evaluation procedures used in circumventing these safeguards* the particular legal issues associated with computer-generated evidence and how to ensure admissibility of such evidence.
MRCOG Part 1 is a multiple choice question and answer volume dealing with the basic sciences in obstetrics and gynaecology. The overall aim of the volume is to give candidates for examinations such as the MCROG Part 1 as close as possible a flavour of the examination itself. The material presented in the book covers cell biology, embryology and the placenta,,anatomy, general physiology and biochemistry, endocrinology, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, statistics, and ultrasound. For those who seek information in addition to the answer provided, a reference to the appropriate page number in the textbook "e;Basic Sciences in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 2nd edition"e; by Professors Chard and Lilford is also included in the answer.